This article provides prerequisites and steps for installing Active
Directory Domain Services (AD DS) on Rackspace cloud servers running Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2
This article does not provide instructions for adding a Domain
Controller (DC) to an already existing Active Directory Forest
Note: For information about setting up the Active Directory Role
on a cloud server running Windows Server 2012, see Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012.
Before you install AD DS on a Rackspace cloud server running
Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise 64-bit, you must perform the
following prerequisite tasks.
Select your domain name and know the domain administrator password
that you want to use.
Note: Your domain name should be reliably unique. Do not use the
same domain as your website, for example, and avoid extensions like
.local unless you have registered that domain name in DNS. We suggest
a domain name that is not used for anything else, like
Windows Server 2008 can properly install and configure DNS during
the AD DS installation if it knows that the DNS is local. To accomplish
this, assign the private network adapter to the preferred DNS
server address of the same private network adapter, as follows:
From the Windows Start menu, open Administrative
Tools > Server Manager.
In the Server Summary section of the Server Manager
window, click View Network Connections.
In the Network Connections window, right-click the private
adapter and select Properties.
From the list of conected items, select Internet Protocol Version 4,
and then click Properties.
Copy the IP address that is displayed in the IP address
box and paste it in the Preferred DNS server box. Then, click
Click OK in the Properties dialog box, and close the
Network Connections window.
Adding the Active Directory Domain Services role installs the
framework for Windows Server 2008 to become a DC and run AD DS. It does
not promote the server to a DC or install AD DS.
In the Server Manager window, select the Roles directory.
In the Roles Summary section, click Add Roles.
On the Before You Begin page of the Add Roles Wizard, click
On the Select Server Roles page, select the Active Directory
Domain Services check box, and then click Next.
On the Confirmation page, click Next.
On the Installation Progress page, click Install.
On the Results page, after the role is successfully added,
- Open the Server Manager window if it is not already
- In the Properties area of the Local Servers page,
click Remote Management.
- Select the Enable remote management of this server from
other computers check box.
Now that you have prepared the server, you can install AD DS (DCPROMO).
Note: As an alternative to performing steps 1
through 3, you can type
dcpromo.exe at the
command prompt. Then, skip to step 4.
If it is not already open, open the Server Manager
Select Roles > Active Directory Domain Services.
In the Summary section,click Run the Active Directory
Domain Services Installation Wizard (dcpromo.exe).
On the Welcome page of the Active Directory Domain Services
Installation Wizard, ensure that the Use advanced mode
installation check box is cleared, and then click Next.
On the Operating System Compatibility page, click
On the Choose a Deployment Configuration page, select Create
a new domain in a new forest and then click Next.
On the Name the Forest Root Domain page, enter the domain name
that you choose during preparation steps. Then, click
The installation program verifies the NetBIOS name.
On the Set Forest Functional Level page, select Windows Server 2008
R2 in the Forest function level list. Then, click Next.
The installation program examines and verifies your DNS setting.
On the Additional Domain Controller Options page, ensure that
the DNS server check box is selected, and then click Next.
In the message dialog box that appears, click
On the Location for Database, Log Files, and SYSVOL page,
accept the default values and then click Next.
On the Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password
page, enter the domain administrator password that you chose during
the preparation steps. This is not your admin password that was
emailed to you during the creation of your server, although you can
use that password if you want to. Then, click Next.
On the Summary page, review your selections and then click
The installation begins.
Note: If you want the server to restart automatically after the
installation is completed, select the Reboot on completion check
If you did not select the Reboot on completion check box,
click Finish in the wizard. Then, restart the
After a few minutes, reconnect to your server in the Console in the
Cloud Control Panel or RDP.
To log in, perform the following steps:
a. Click **Switch User**, and then click **Other User.** b. For the user, enter the full domain name that you chose, followed by a back slash and **Administrator** (for example, **internal.example.com\\Administrator**). c. Enter the password that was emailed to you when you first built the server. If you changed your password for the local admin account on this server before you began the installation of AD DS, use that password. d. Click the log in button.
The installation of Active Directory Domain Services on your server is
Updated 26 days ago