Configuring IP Security in IIS

This article instructs you on installing the Windows Server® Role IP and Domain Restrictions. It also instructs you on how to add and edit domain and IP restrictions in Internet Information Services (IIS). This feature allows you to restrict or grant access to web content based on IP addresses or domain names.

Installing the Server Role

First, you need to check if the Server Role has already been installed on your server.

  1. Open Internet Information Services (IIS), by clicking on the Windows button in the task bar and typing IIS.

  2. Click on your server name in the right-hand panel to view all available features.

  3. Look for a module called IP and Domain Restrictions. If it is already installed, proceed to the next section How to add and edit IP restrictions.

If you cannot find the IP and Domain Restrictions module, install it by using the following steps:

  1. Verify that you have adminstrator permissions.

  2. Open Server Manager by clicking the icon in the task bar.

  3. Select Manage and then select Add Roles and Features.

  4. Click Next until you reach the Server Roles section.

  5. Navigate through the following options in the following options:

    1. Web Server (IIS)
    2. Web Server
    3. Security
    4. IP and Domain Restrictions
  6. Click Next and finish the installation.

How to add and edit IP restrictions

  1. In IIS, double-click on the module named IP and Domain Restrictions. You now have the option to add allow and deny entries, edit feature settings, and edit dynamic restriction settings.

  2. Click on Edit Feature Settings… to specify the following general settings that apply to all rules:

    Default behavior for all unspecified clients (allow or deny):

    • Setting to allow means all IP addresses have access to the server unless specifically denied by a rule.

    • Setting to deny blocks server access for all IP addresses unless specifically allowed by a rule.

      Note: You must add an allow rule for the loopback address ` to browse sites locally on the server.

    Enable domain name restrictions:

    • You can restrict access by domain names or IP addresses if you enable this setting. This requires a DNS lookup for every request and can greatly impact server performance.

    Enable Proxy Mode

    • If enabled, IIS examines the x-forwarded-for HTTP header in addition to the client IP address to determine which requests to block. This is helpful if client requests come through a firewall, load balander or proxy server.

    Deny action type sent to clients:

    • Abort (Response code 0)

    • Unauthorized (Response code 401)

    • Forbidden (Response code 403)

    • Not Found (Response code 404)

IIS rules process in order from top to bottom. It is best practice to list the deny rules first. You can change the order at any time by clicking on View Ordered List… in the right-hand panel. Simply click on a rule and select Move Up or Move Down.

Add restrictions to all site

Rules can be applied to all sites or to specific sites. Add restrictions to all sites by using the following steps:

  1. Select your server in the left-hand panel in IIS and double-click IP and Domain Restrictions.

  2. Select rules that you want to apply to all sites within IIS.

  3. For site-specific rules, expand the Sites section in the left-hand panel and click on the desired site.

  4. Select IP and Domain Re-strictions to add new rules. You will see all applicable rules here, site-specific and IIS-wide.