Connect to a MySQL database remotely

This article explains how to set up a user on your MySQL® server in order
to connect to a MySQL database

Note: The article shows you how to connect to a MySQL instance local to a
server. For the corresponding steps for Cloud Databases, see Connect to a
Cloud Database

In order to perform these steps, you must have local server access to log in as
the root MySQL user.

Retrieve your IP address

You need to know the Internet Protocol (IP) address of the computer from which
you're connecting. You can retrieve this information by visiting one of the
following sites:

Grant access

Perform the following steps to grant access to a user from a remote host:

  1. Log in to your MySQL server locally as the root user by using the
    following command:

     # mysql -u root -p

    You are prompted for your MySQL root password.

    Note: If you gain access to MySQL without entering a password,
    consider running the mysql_secure_installation script, which sets a
    MySQL root password and updates other settings to increase
    security. Microsoft SQL Server Managed
    can help you manage your SQL server instances.

  2. Use a GRANT command in the following format to enable access for the
    remote user. Ensure that you change to the IP address that you
    obtained previously, and my_password to the password that you
    want fooUser to use:

     mysql> GRANT ALL ON fooDatabase.* TO fooUser@'' IDENTIFIED BY 'my_password';

    This statement grants ALL permissions to the new user when the user
    connects from the specified IP address by using the specified password.

Test the connection remotely

To test the connection remotely, access the MySQL server from another
Linux® server. The following example uses as the IP address
of the MySQL server:

# mysql -u fooUser -p -h
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 17
Server version: 5.0.45 Source distribution

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.

mysql> _


When you set up a remote user, consider the following information:

  • A local user is different from a remote user. For example,
    fooUser@localhost is not the same as [email protected]. If you want
    both users to have the same permissions, you need to duplicate permissions.

  • We don't recommend granting ALL permissions. For standard users, we
    recommend granting GRANT SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE permissions.

  • To grant access to only a specific table, you can use the database.table
    command. For example, in the preceding step, you could use fooDatabase.fooTable instead of fooDatabase.

  • If you're using iptables, you need to add an entry to your firewall rule
    for Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) port 3306. You can use the name
    mysql for the port number.