DNS SOA records

A Start of Authority (SOA) resource record indicates which Domain Name
Server (DNS) is the best source of information for the specified domain.
Every domain must have an SOA record.

When you add a domain to the DNS, the email address that you enter is
added to the SOA record for the domain. This publicly associates the email
with the domain.

For example, the email address associated with the rackspace.com
domain is [email protected]. You can see the SOA record for
rackspace.com by running the following command:

$ dig rackspace.com +nssearch

Note: You use the dig command to perform DNS queries on Linux®
systems. If you have a Microsoft® Windows® server, use the
nslookup tool instead.

The command returns the following response:

SOA ns.rackspace.com. hostmaster.rackspace.com. 1392389079 300 300 1814400 300 from server in 12 ms.

The SOA record includes the following details:

  • Primary name server for the domain: In this example,
  • Email for the domain: In this example, [email protected].
  • Revision number: This number changes every time you update the domain.
  • Refresh time: The number of seconds before the zone refreshes.
  • Retry time: The number of seconds before a failed refresh is
  • Expiration time: The time, in seconds, before the data is
    considered unreliable.
  • Minimum TTL: The default that applies to all of the resource records
    in the zone.