Setup a Name-Based Virtual Host in Apache
Last updated on: 2021-12-02
Authored by: Rocio Rodriguez
With name-based virtual hosts you can host multiple websites on the same IP / server. Each website will require an unique hostname.
Note: This article assumes that you have installed Apache on your server.
- An Apache web server.
- Access to a Linux privileged user such as root.
- Access to the DNS records of a domain or subdomain.
Login into your server via SSH and switch to root user.
$ su or $ sudo -i
Go to your Apache site configuration.
#RHEL and CentOS based distributions: # cd /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf #Ubuntu and Debian based distributions: # cd /etc/apache2/sites-available
Open the configuration file where your site is located.
Note: This and the following steps may change depending on your configuration. We will assume that you are using the default one.
# nano 000-default.conf
# vim 000-default.conf
Add or edit (if they already exist) the following directives to your desire virtual host.
Note: You can add as many virtual hosts as you want. However, each one should have a unique server name. If you are using SSL: You should also add these directives to the SSL virtual host, port 443.
<VirtualHost *:80> # Here goes the hostname yu want to connect with: ServerName www.example.com # You might want to add an alias (optional): ServerAlias example.com # This is the location of your website files: DocumentRoot "/www/domain" </VirtualHost>
Save and close your file. Using Nano: To save: Ctrl + O Enter To exit: Ctrl + X
Using Vim: Esc
Restart Apache Note: This step can change depending on your OS.
#RHEL and CentOS based distributions: # systemctl restart httpd #Ubuntu and Debian based distributions: # systemctl restart apache2
Add an A record on your selected hostname that points to the IP of your server.
- Manage DNS records in the MyRackspace Portal (Dedicated Customers)
- Create DNS records with Cloud DNS (Cloud Customers)
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