Last updated on: 2019-07-22
Authored by: Jered Heeschen
If you find that your server’s Domain Name Server (DNS) settings are misconfigured or you prefer to use your own, this article describes how to change your Linux® server’s DNS settings.
If you want to test your site without the test link prior to going live with SSL or verify that an alias site works prior to DNS changes, you can Modify your hosts file to override the DNS for a domain on a specific machine.
On most Linux operating systems, the DNS servers that the system uses for name
resolution are defined in the /etc/resolv.conf file. That file should
contain at least one
nameserver line. Each
nameserver line defines a DNS
server. The name servers are prioritized in the order the system finds them in
the file. Use the Internet Protocol (IP) addresses of the name servers when
you enter them into the configuration file because the system doesn’t know
what to do with domain names until after it knows how to get to the DNS
In some cases, /etc/resolv.conf could be a directly managed file,
populated by the network service (
network by using initscripts or
NetworkManager). To directly edit the configuration file, use the
following steps to add the DNS servers:
Open the resolv.conf file with an editor, such as
nano, to make the
necessary changes. If the file doesn’t already exist, this command creates it:
sudo nano /etc/resolv.conf
Add lines for the name servers that you want to use. The following table displays which name server IP addresses to use depending on which datacenter houses your cloud servers. The “Name server IP address” column shows the lines to add to the configuration file:
|Data center||Name server IP address|
|Hong Kong (HKG)||nameserver 188.8.131.52
|Northern Virginia (IAD)||nameserver 184.108.40.206
|London (LON)||nameserver 220.127.116.11
|Chicago (ORD)||nameserver 18.104.22.168
|Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW)||nameserver 22.214.171.124
|Sydney (SYD)||nameserver 126.96.36.199
|Frankfurt (FRA)||nameserver 188.8.131.52
Save the file.
To ensure that your new settings are working,
ping the domain name by
using the following command:
ping -c 3 rackspace.com
You should see a result similar to the following one:
PING rackspace.com (184.108.40.206) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 220.127.116.11: icmp_req=1 ttl=249 time=25.3 ms 64 bytes from 18.104.22.168: icmp_req=2 ttl=249 time=25.2 ms 64 bytes from 22.214.171.124: icmp_req=3 ttl=249 time=25.2 ms --- rackspace.com ping statistics --- 3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2002ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 25.236/25.292/25.392/0.147 ms
If you receive an
unknown host message, double-check the IP addresses that
you set as your DNS servers.
If you’re using IPv6 on your server, you might need to add the IPv6 addresses of your name servers to the resolv.conf file. You can see if a DNS server has an IPv6 address by performing the following steps:
Use the following
host command to get the domain name of the server
(substitute your DNS server IP address):
$ host 126.96.36.199 240.128.3.72.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer cachens1.dfw1.rackspace.com.
Use the domain name you got back in another
$ host cachens1.dfw1.rackspace.com cachens1.dfw1.rackspace.com has address 188.8.131.52 cachens1.dfw1.rackspace.com has IPv6 address 2001:4800:d::1
If an IPv6 address is returned, you can add that as another
line in the resolv.conf file, as follows:
Then test as previously shown, by using the
ping6 command instead of the
ping command to force the system to use IPv6.
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