Install Apache on Debian 10
Last updated on: 2021-04-07
Authored by: David Fonseca
This article explains how to install Apache® on a Debian® 10 server.
What is Apache?
Apache is an open-source, cross-platform web server that the Apache Software Foundation actively maintains.
- User with
- Server running Debian 10
- Uncomplicated Firewall (UFW) firewall
Step 1: Update and install Apache
Run the following command to open the terminal and update the repository:
`# sudo apt update`
Then, install the apache package:
`# sudo apt install apache2`
Step 2: Verify the installation
Run the following command:
`# sudo systemctl status apache2`
Notice the active (running) message in the following response:
● apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Thu 2021-03-11 09:56:58 CST; 1 weeks 0 days ago Docs: https://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/ Process: 2141 ExecReload=/usr/sbin/apachectl graceful (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Main PID: 6087 (apache2) Tasks: 55 (limit: 1158) Memory: 10.4M CGroup: /system.slice/apache2.service ├─2147 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start ├─2148 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start └─6087 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start Warning: Journal has been rotated since unit was started. Log output is incomplete or unavailable.
Step 3: Access Apache
To access the server, you must know the IP address, so run the following command to find the IP address:
`# hostname -I`
If you type the IP address in your browser, an error loading the page appears. This error occurs because you have not yet added the HTTP rule to the firewall.
Step 4. Add firewall rules
Run the following commands to add the rule WWW to the firewall and permit the inbound and outbound traffic:
`sudo ufw allow 'WWW'` `sudo ufw status | grep 80/tcp`
The following example shows firewall rules on the server:
80/tcp ALLOW Anywhere\n 80/tcp (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6)
Step 5: Verification
Type the IP address from Step 3 in your browser, and the Apache landing page appears.
The following commands can help you manage Apache:
||Start automatically on server boot|
||Deactivate the automatically start|
After you complete these steps, Apache is running on your server and is ready to deploy an application.