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Set up an SSH tunnel to access the Oracle WLS Administration Console


The post introduces steps to set up an SSH tunnel for Oracle® WebLogic Server (WLS) Administration Console access in version R12.2.

Introduction

Before you set up the SSH tunnel, you should apply one of the following updates to Oracle E-Business Suite (EBS) Release 12.2:

  • the April 2019 Oracle Critical Patch Update (CPU)
  • the Oracle E-Business Suite Technology Stack Delta 11 release update pack (R12.TXK.C.Delta.11)

After you bring EBS up-to-date, AutoConfig secures access to the Oracle WLS ports by using the WLS connection filters. At that point, the application tier nodes of the Oracle EBS instance grant WLS ports unrestricted access. The WLS Administration Console and Fusion Middleware Control need to use WLS Administration ports, which have no default trusted hosts. Therefore, this post introduces a means to give your administrators access to these tools. A secure-by-default SSH tunnel for WLS Administration access should reduce the available attack surface, control access to the ports, and protect the EBS infrastructure. The feature lets you automate the use of WLS connection filters.

Use SSH tunneling

Note: To use an SSH tunnel to access the Administration Console and Fusion Middleware Control through the WLS Administration ports, you need operating system access to the primary application tier node.

Perform the following steps in sequence to set up an SSH Tunnel with PuTTY® to access the WLS Administration Console:

Step 1: Add the primary WebLogic Administration server

  1. Open a PuTTY session.

  2. Enter the host information in the Host Name (or IP address) field, replacing <primary_admin_server> with the primary application WebLogic Administration node, where you are running the WLS Administrator.


  1. Add a saved name to identify the connection for access easily and click Save.

Step 2: Configure the tunnel

  1. In the left-panel, click SSH > Tunnels and add local port and destination <primary_admin_server>:<Weblogic_Admin_port> and click Add.
  1. Click Add to open the PuTTY configuration window.

Step 3: Save the settings

In the left-panel, click Session and click Save.

Step 4: Validate the tunneling

  1. Login to PuTTY as the application OS user to your primary administration server.

  2. Open a web browser to access http://localhost:7001/console.

After you set up SSH tunneling from your UNIX or Windows® client, you can securely access the WLS Administration Console and Fusion Middleware Control. Launch a browser from your client and connect to the administrative URLs.

On a Windows client, you can use either one of the following SSH executables:

  • Windows 10: OpenSSH ssh from Microsoft: If you use ssh, follow the syntax for ssh shown in the preceding example.

  • Windows 7: plink from PuTTY: If you use plink, use the following command:

      C:\> plink.exe -N -L localhost:<WLS_admin_port>:<primary-apptier>:<WLS_admin_port> <OS_user>@<primary-apptier>
    

    For example, if the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration port is 7001, and the OS user is oracleuser, use the following command:

      C:\> plink.exe -N -L localhost:7001:<primary-apptier>:7001 oracleuser@<primary-apptier>
    

Conclusion:

SSH tunneling helps you access the WLS Administration console from a local Windows device, where EBS restricted all access to the WLS Administration server for other devices. You don’t need any additional software other than PuTTY to set up the SSH tunnel.

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post avatar
Sunil Rathod

I enjoy working as Oracle Apps DBA with more than 12 years of experience in various Oracle technologies.

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